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Admission & Entrance Updates

Indian Navy 10+2 BTech Cadet Entry Scheme

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Applications are invited from UNMARRIED MALE CANDIDATES, fulfilling the conditions of nationality as laid down by the Govt. of India, to join the prestigious Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala, Kerala for a four year B.Tech degree course under the 10+2 (B.Tech) Cadet Entry Scheme.

Selected Candidates will be inducted as Cadets for the four year B.Tech Course in Applied Electronics & Communication Engineering, Mechanical Engineering or Electronics & Communication Engineering as per Naval requirements. On completion of the course, B.Tech Degree will be awarded by the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU). Distribution of cadets amongst Executive, Education, Engineering, Electrical & Electrical Branch (Technical Branch) will be as per the extant policy.

The entire cost of training, including books and reading material, will be borne by the Indian Navy. The cadets will also be provided with entitled clothing and messing.

The selected candidates will be distributed among Education, Executive and Technical branches of Indian Navy on completion of their course at INA. The branch-wise vacancies are as under :

(a) Education branch : 05

(b) Executive & Technical branch : 21


(a) Only one application is to be filled by a candidate.

(b) Candidates may apply for Branch (a) or (b) or (both).

(c) Candidates will be shortlisted for SSB based on their first preference.

(d) If not shortlisted for the first preference you may be considered for alternate branch subject to availability of spare slot in SSB batches of that Branch.

(e) Once shortlisted for a branch, subsequent stages of selection process (SSB, medical & Merit List) will be exclusively for that branch.

(f) If a candidate has opted for only one branch he will not be considered for other branch despite being in merit.

Eligibility Indian Navy BTech Cadet Entry Schemen

1. Age : Born between 02 Jan 2002 and 01 Jul 2004 (both dates inclusive).

2. Educational Qualification : Passed Senior Secondary Examination (10+2 Pattern) or its equivalent examinations from any Board with at least 70% aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics (PCM) and at least 50% marks in English (either in Class X or Class XII).

3. JEE-Mains-2020 mandatory : Candidates should have appeared for JEE-Mains-2020 (for B.E./ B.Tech) exam. Call up for Service Selection Board (SSB) will be issued on the basis of JEE-Mains-2020 All India Rank published by NTA.

4. Medical Standards :

(a) All candidates recommended by SSB will have to undergo medicals as per extant regulations. There is no relaxation in medical standard on any ground. Guidelines for medical standards are available on the Indian Navy website

(b) Relaxations in height is permissible to candidates holding domicile of specific regions details of which are available on the Indian Navy website

5. Tattoo : Guidelines for tattoo are also available on the Indian Navy website

Application dates

Start of online applications : 29 Jan 2021

Last date of online application : 09 Feb 2021

Selection procedure

1. IHQ of MoD(Navy) reserves the right to fix the cut off for shortlisting of applications for SSB based on JEE-Mains-2020 All India Rank. SSB interviews for short listed candidates will be scheduled at Bangalore / Bhopal / Kolkata / Visakhapatnam from Mar to Jun 2021.

2. Shortlisted candidates will be informed about their selection for SSB interview on their E-mail or through SMS as provided by candidates in their application form. You are advised to maintain your mobile number and e-mail ID till selection process is complete.

3. SSB interview will be conducted in two stages.

Stage I test consists of Intelligence test, Picture Perception and Group Discussion. Candidates who fail to qualify in Stage I will be routed back on the same day.

Stage II test comprises Psychological testing, Group testing and Interview which will last for 04 days. Successful candidates will thereafter undergo Medical Examination (approx duration 03-05 working days).

Application procedure

a) Candidates are to register and submit their application on the recruitment website To save time during the application submission window, candidates can fill in their details and upload documents in advance under their user profile.

b) Whilst filling up the e-application, it is advisable to keep the relevant documents readily available to enable correct filling up of personal particulars.

c) Details are to be filled up as given in the Matriculation Certificate/12 class certificate.

d) Fields such as e-mail address, mobile number are mandatory fields.

e) All relevant documents (preferably in original) Date of birth proof (as per 10th/12th certificates), 10th class marksheet, 12th class marksheet, JEE-Mains-2020 scorecard (indicating All India Rank) and a recent passport size colour photograph should be scanned in original JPG/TIFF format, for attaching the same while filling up the application.

f) If any scanned document is not legible / readable for any reason, the application will be rejected.

g) Print one copy of online application form and carry it along with original certificates/documents while appearing for SSB interview.



JEE Mains 2021 Extended Application Date and Other Updates

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National Testing Agency (NTA) has been accepting applications for JEE-Mains 2021 from 16 Dec and has now extended the last date of application upto 23 Jan 2021. It has also announced a few more important updates :

Change in application dates

Last date to apply (extended) : 23 Jan 2021

Last date for fee payment : 24 Jan 2021

Application form correction : 27 to 30 Jan 2021

Caution about fake JEE website JEE Mains 2021 Updates

It is revealed from few complaints received at NTA Helpdesk/Call Centre that some unscrupulous elements have created a fake website with URL :  in the name of JEE Mains 2021, through which online applications and fee payments are being solicited for JEE (MAIN) 2021 from interested candidates. In the said URL, an email and mobile number 9311245307 have also been provided for receiving communications in this regard.

There could be many more such websites through which unscrupulous elements might be trying to deceive the aspiring candidates for JEE (MAIN) 2021.

In the above regard, it is clarified that neither NTA nor any of its employees have any association with the aforesaid URL, EMAIL and MOBILE for JEE MAINS 2021.

In the larger public interest, it is further clarified that the only genuine/official website for receiving online application and examination fee from aspiring candidates for JEE (MAIN) 2021 is

NTA, on its part, is going to lodge a complaint with the Cyber Crime Cell of Delhi Police against the aforesaid fake website.

Acceptance of JEE-Mains score by MMMUT

Madan Mohan Malviya University of Technology (MMMUT) Gorakhpur (formerly known as Madan Mohan Malviya Engineering College) will use the score sheet of JEE-Mains 2021 for filling its BTech seats.

In 2020, MMMUT had filled 90% seats through its own entrance test and 10% seats through MMMUT. Announcement in this regard from MMMUT is awaited.

Studying Ayurveda : CCIM gives a boost

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Giving a shot in the arm to Ayurveda stream of medical studies, the Central Council of Indian Medicine (A statutory Body under Ministry of AYUSH), has Gazetted (vide Gazette notification dated 19 Nov 2020) widening the scope of procedures which Ayurveda Doctors shall now be trained on and permitted to perform independently. The extract of the notification is produced below :


During the period of study, the PG scholar of Shalya and Shalakya shall be practically trained to acquaint with as well as to independently perform the following activities so that after completion of his PG degree, he is able to perform the following procedures independently :




1. Lekhana / Chhedana of DushtaNijaVrana (Debridement/fasciotomy / Currettage)

2. Bhedana of Vidradhi Incision and Drainage of abscess Gudvidradhi, Stan vidradhi, (Perianal abscess, breast abscess, Axillary abscess, cellulitis, etc.).

3. Sandhan Karma all types of skin Grafting (SSG, EEG, Cross Flaps) KarnaPaliSandhan (ear lobe repair), etc.

4. Chhedan Karma of Granthi, Arbuda, Excision of simple cyst (Sebaceous cyst, Dermoid cyst, mucosal cyst, retension cyst) etc. / benign tumours (lipoma, fibroma, schwanomaetc) of Non vital Organs.

5. Chhedan Karma of Sira-SnayuKotha. (Excision / amputation of gangrene).

6. Sadyo-vrana management (traumatic wound management):-

(a) Sivan karma (all types of suturing, Haemostatic ligatures);

(b) Sandhan Karma of sira-kandara-snayu (Ligation and repair of tendon and muscles).

7. PranashtaShalyaNirharan (Removal of metallic and non-metalic foreign bodies from non vital organs).

8. BhagnaChikitsa:-Aanchhan- Pidan – Sankshep – KushaBandhan (close reduction, immobilization, splints/cast).

9. Sandhimoksha (reduction of dislocation and subluxation). CCIM Allows 50+ procedures in Ayurveda

10. Udarrognidanchikitsa, / dakodarVisravan (Laprotomy/ paracentesis).

11. Arsha – Ksharkarma, Chhedan (various methods of haemorrhoidectomy), rubber band Ligation, Sclerotherapy, IRC, Radio frequency / Laser ablation, etc.

12. ParikartikaSanniruddhaGuda (Fissure in ano – Anal Dilatation, SphincterotomyAnoplasty).

13. BhagandarChhedan, Ksharsutra (Fistulectomy, Fistulotomy).

14. NadivranaChhedan, Ksharsutra (Excision of pilonidal sinus).

15. Guda-bhransha- Sandhan Karma (various Rectopexies).

16. Ashmari- Nirharan (suprapubiccystostomy/cystolithotomy).

17. Mutragraha/ Mutrakrichha- MutramargVivardhan (Urethral Dilatation, meatomy).

18. NiruddhaPrakash (Phimosis), Parivartika (Paraphimosis) Circumcision.

19. VriddhiRogaChikitsa, Sandhan Karma. (Congenital/ Inguinal/ Umbilical / Epigastric/ Femoral/ Incisional  Hernia :-Herniotomy, Herniorraphy, Hernioplasty).

20. Mutravriddhi-Vedhan (Hydrocele Eversion of Sac).

21. Intercostal Drain for thorasic trauma.

22. Ligation of Haemangioma, Vascular ligation, Ligation of varicocele, varicose veins/ stripping surgery.

23. Stan Granthi / ArbudaChhedan. Excision of benign lesions, cyst/ tumour of breast, Lump biopsy.

24. AshukariUdarshoolshastra karma-Udarpatan (Exploratory laparotomy).

25. Foreign body removal from stomach. Pyloromyotomy.

26. Use of Advanced Nadiyantra for strotodarshanarth-kriyasaukarya. (Video proctoscopy, Sigmoidoscopy)

27. Ileostomy, colostomy, Resection anastomosis in emergency.

28. Sigmoidoscopic biopsies, polypectomy.

29. UnddukpuchhaShoth (Appendisectomy).

30. Vedhan-Visravan of AbhyantarVidradhi (appendicular abscess etc.).

31. PittashmariNirharan-chhedan (Cholecystectomy).

32. Laryngeal Mask Airway, Intubation, Bag/Mask Ventillation.

33. SuprapubicCystostomy.

34. SuprapubicCystolithotomy.

35. Excision of Calcified Plaque Peyronie’s Disease.

36. Orchidopexy.

37. Orchidectomy.

38. Varicocele High Ligation.

39. Spermatocele, Chylocele, Pyocele, Hematocele Drainage.






Netra  - (Eye)

1. Vartmagataroga (Diseases of Eyelids):-

(a) VatahatvartmaShastrkarma (surgery for ptosis i.e. sling surgery);

(b) Vartmavikruti- Shastrkarma (Ectropion&Entropion – correction surgery);

(c) Lagan – Bhedan&LekhanShastrkarma (Chalazion – Incision and drainage/ curettage);

(d) AghatakVartmaArbud – Chhedan Karma (Benign Lid tumour – Excision Surgery).

2. ShuklagatRog:-

Arma – ChhedanShastrakarma (pterygium- excision & conjunctivallimbal autograph/amniotic membrane graft).

3. KrushnagatRog:-

Ajakajat – Chhedan Karma (Iris Prolapse-excision surgery).

4. SarvagatRog:-

Adhimanth – BhedanShastrakarma (Glaucoma-trabeculectomy).

5. Nayanabhighat (Trauma to eye):- Bhroo, Vartma, Shuklamanadal, Krushnamandalabhighat - SandhanShastrakarma. (Injury to the eye brow, lid, conjunctiva, sclera and cornea- trauma repair surgery).

6. Tiryaknetra:- PrakrutnetrasthapanShastrkarma (Squint surgery- Esotropia, Exotropia, Horizontal muscle resection and recession).

7. Puyalas: – Bhedan/ Chhedanshastrkarma (Dacrocystitis- DCT/ DacrocystoRhinostomy [DCR]).

8. Linganash (Kaphaj) Shastrakarma- cataract surgery- cataract extraction with IOL implantation surgery:-

(a) Intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE);

(b) Extra capsular cataract extraction (ECCE);

(c) Small incision cataract surgery (SICS);

(d) Phacoemulsification

Types of IOL:-



(III) Iris Fixated IOL.

9. Sthaniksangyharan (Local Anesthesia) in eye. (ophthalmology):-

(a) Peribulbar;

a) Retrobulbar;

b) Parabulbar;

c) Intra Cameral.

Nasa (Nose)

1. Nasajavanikavakrata – shastrakarma (deviated nasal septum surgery- septoplasty / SMR).

2. Nasarsh – ChhedanShastrakarma (Nasal polyp polyoectomy).

Knowledge of FESS surgery – Functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

3. Aghatajnasavikruti – nasasandhan (deformed nose – rhinoplasty).

Karna (Ear)

- Karnapalisandhanshastrakarma (torn ear lobule- lobuloplasty).

- Ashukarimadhyakarnashoth – Bhedanshastrakarma (acute supurative otitis media/ glue ear/secretory or serous otitis media- Myringotomy).

- Knowledge of JirnaMadhyakarnaShothshastrakarma (Chronic Supurative Otitis Media- safe:- tympanoplasty unsafe: - mastoidectomy).


1. Galrog (throat diseases):-


(a) Ashukarigilayuvruddhi – BhedanShastra karma (peritonsillar abscess – quincy) – incision and drainage;

(b) Jirnagilayushoth – GilayuNirharanShastrakarma (Chronic Tonsillitis – Tonsillectomy).

2. Oshthagat – Oshthabhed – Sandhan Karma (hair lip repair).


1. Chaldanta – DantaNirharan (Loose Tooth Extraction).

2. Krumidanta – Lekhan&Puranshastrakarma (Carries Tooth/Teeth- Root Canal Treatment).


NDA -1 : Last 2 days to apply

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The Union Public Service Commission is accepting applications for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the NDA for the 147th Course, and for the 109th Indian Naval Academy Course (INAC) commencing from 2nd January, 2022.

Each year UPSC conducts the National Defence Academy (NDA) & Naval Academy (NA) Examination twice for students who have completed their Class 12 or would complete their Class 12 in that year. 

NDA-Exam-I shall be held on the 18th of April 2021 (Sunday) across multiple cities in pen & paper mode.

Key dates NDA-1 exam by UPSC

The last date to apply is 19th January 2021.
Date of NDA-I exam is 18th April 2021.

National Defence Academy : 370 (208 for Army, 42 for Navy and 120 for Air Force including 28 for ground duties)
Naval Academy (10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme) : 30
Total: 400

Details @ NDA-Exam-I

Selection is through 2 stages
Stage-1: Written Exam (NDA & NA) conducted by the UPSC
Stage-2: SSB Test & Interview

The selected candidates for the three services viz, Army, Navy and Air Force are given preliminary training both academic and physical for a period of 3 years at the National Defence Academy which is an Inter-Service Institution. The training during the first two and half years is common to the cadets of three wings. After completing 3 years at NDA, Army cadets go to the Indian Military Academy (IMA) Dehradun, Naval candidates go to the Naval Academy, and Air Force cadets (flying & ground duty non-tech) to Air Force academy Hyderabad and Air Force cadets (ground duty tech) to Air Force Technical College Bengaluru. 

The selected candidates for the Naval Academy under 10+2 scheme will undergo a 4-Year engineering program at the Naval Academy in Ezhimala (Kerala) for a period of 4-years.

NIFT 2021 Applications Closing on 21 Jan

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The National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT) is accepting applications for its UG programs beginning 2021. NIFT has 17 professionally managed campuses across India and the faculty of the institute has grown into a community of leading practitioners, education enthusiasts, entrepreneurs, creative thinkers, researchers & analysts.  Many of the campuses of NIFT command top ranks in the Fashion Design category in India.

Programs offered by NIFT are:

4-Year Bachelors of Design

4-Year Bachelors in Fashion Technology (Apparel Production)

Admissions to each of the above programs are via Entrance Exams. 

Key dates NIFT 2021 application dates

Last date to Apply: 21st January 2021

Date of Entrance Exam: 14th February 2021

About NIFT : NIFT is a Statutory Institute Governed by the NIFT Act 2006 and has been set up under the aegis of the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India. The institutes grant their own degrees.

The NIFT campuses are located in Bengaluru, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Gandhinagar, Hyderabad, Jodhpur, Kangra, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Patna, Raebareli, Shillong, Kannur, Jodhpur, and Srinagar.

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Admission in IIT / IIIT for Commerce & Humanities students without JEE Advanced

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This is an update of the blog that was first published in Aug 2017

JEE Advanced is the gateway for entry into core engineering and some BS courses in IITs where primarily PCM students are eligible. However, many students are unaware that there are other Undergrad programs as well (including a B.Tech in Computer Science at IIIT Hyderabad) where even Commerce & Humanities students are eligible. And admission to these is through entrance exams other than JEE Advanced.

Program 1 : Integrated MA in Development Studies / English Studies

Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT-Madras) conducts Humanities and Social Sciences Entrance Examination (HSEE-IIT-Madras) usually in April and offers a 5-Year Intergrated M.A. in following two streams for students after Class XII. Non-science students are eligible.

a) Development Studies (23 seats) and

b) English Studies (23 seats)

The programme has been offered since 2006-07. 

The first two years of the curriculum are common to all students after which, they branch out into the two streams. Allocation of streams will be based on students' performance during the first three semesters as well as their preferences.

Development Studies : This stream addresses questions of "order and change" in a globalizing world and aims to explore available approaches to fostering development, understood broadly as the goal of providing people the freedom to make their lives better.

English Studies : The English Studies stream has been designed for students with sensitivity for literary and linguistic analyses.

Distinctive Features of the Program :

1) A very distinctive feature of the programme is the involvement of the Engineering, Sciences and Management faculties in offering innovative courses in collaboration with the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.

2) The programme imparts substantial knowledge of Indian economy, literature, philosophy, culture, society, and public policy. It provides opportunities for learning a foreign language. Currently German, French and Chinese are offered.

Program 2 : Bachelor of Design

IIT Mumbai conducts UCEED entrance exam (usually in the month of Jan) for admission to 4 year B.Design program in which non-science students are eligible.

Industrial Design Centre (IDC) of IIT Mumbai has been conducting M.Des and Ph.D programs. From 2015, it started a 4 year B.Des program. In addition to IDC of IIT Bombay, UCEED qualified candidates are eligible for admission to B.Des. programme at IIT Guwahati, IIT Hyderabad and IIITDM Jabalpur (PDPM Indian Institute of Information Technology, Design and Manufacturing, Deemeed to be university, under Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India ).

i) Candidates from the Science Stream with Physics, Chemistry and Maths as subjects are eligible to apply to all the four institutes.

ii) Candidates from any other stream (Science without Maths or Physics or Chemistry, Commerce, and Arts & Humanities) are eligible to apply to only IIT Bombay, IIT Hyderabad and IIITDM Jabalpur.

Programme 3 : B.Tech in Computer Science & MS in Computing & Human Sciences (CHD)

IIIT Hyderabad conducts UGEE-IIITH entrance exam and offers this 5 year Dual Degree B.Tech in Computer Science & MS in Computing & Human Sciences (CHD) in which Humanities students with Maths elective are eligible.

This programme aims to produce a new type of student - equally well trained in computer and social sciences - who can bridge the divide between technology and the human sciences.

The main objective of the course is to build social science and humanities graduates who are proficient in computer sciences, with cross-disciplinary research capabilities which compare with the best in the world. This will be achieved by training students in the rigorous methods and deep understanding of the human sciences, while at the same time equipping them with state-of-the-art computer science knowledge.

About the author : Tarun is a Co-founder at MyExamPlan. He can be reached at

10 Key Points You Did Not Know about JEE-Main 2020

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The JEE(Main) – 2020 Information Brochure for April 2020 had now been released.  Reading through such a lengthy document is no fun and many times we skim through the content.  However,  thats when we miss out on some really juicy stuff.   We thought we could highlight some interesting points for all of you.  Happy reading.

1. Eligibility:

Chemistry is not a compulsory subject for any candidate to be eligible to apply for the JEE(Main) 2020. However,  the entrance exam will have questions from Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.  Technically, a student with Maths, Physics and Biology is eligible to apply for JEE(Main)-2020 but would have to clear the Chemistry questions of the test.  Weird, but true.

2. Year of Appearance in Qualifying Examination (QE)

A candidate who has completed class XII in 2018 can apply for JEE(Main) 2020 and is eligible to get into IIITs, NITs, CFTIs, but that candidate is not eligible to apply for JEE(Advanced) 2020. Strange, but true.

3. Age Limit            

For appearing in the JEE(Main) 2020 examination there is no age limit for the candidates. They must, however, satisfy the Eligibility and Year of Appearance in the Qualifying Examination.

4. Challenging the Response or answer keys:

It is going to cost you ₹200 per question if you either would like to challenge the recorded response or if you would like to challenge the answer keys.  Would deserving, but economically weaker, candidates be disadvantaged if they would like to challenge?

5. In case of a tie

Older candidates would get higher rank if NTA score of their individual subjects are same as that of a younger candidate.  This time, experience wins!

6. Only Maths required for B.Plan (Bachelor of Planning) Eligibility 

For B.Arch, the candidate needs to have 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and also 50% marks in aggregate of the qualifying examination.  However, for B.Plan program, the candidates should have passed qualifying examination with 50 % marks in Mathematics and 50% marks in aggregate of the qualifying examination.  Physics & chemistry are NOT mandatory subjects in the qualifying examination. 

7. AADHAAR is NOT mandatory

AADHAAR was mandatory for JEE(Main)-2019 but is NOT mandatory for JEE (Main) 2020.  As per NTA, any one of the authorized photo IDs (must be original, valid and non-expired) –PAN card/ Driving License/ Voter ID/ Passport/ Aadhaar Card (With photograph)/E-Aadhaar with photograph/Ration Cardwith photograph/ 12thClass Board Admit Card with photograph/ Bank Passbook with Photograph is applicable.

8. Language of JEE(Main)-2020

Interesting to note that Gujarati is one of the languages in which JEE(Main) 2020 shall be administered in.  This facility has been provided since at least the last four years. However, Gujarati language option will be available only in test centres cities in Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Dadar& Nagar Haveli.  It is fascinating to note that nearly 15 out of top 200 ranks in JEE(Main)-2018 were from Gujarat. Coincidence?

9. Recognized board for Qualifying Examination:

Candidates from NIOS (Open school)  are eligible to apply besides CBSE, ICSE and State Board candidates.
In addition, NDA Year 2 candidates and any Public School/ Board/ University examination in India or in any foreign country recognized as equivalent to the 10+2 system by the Association of Indian Universities (AIU) are also eligible.

10. Here are the States/Institutes that used JEE (MAIN) -2019 ranks to fill seats through their own Seat Allocation Process last year:

Institutes and States that are not admitting students via JoSAA/CSAB (Centralized counselling) but use the  JEE(Main) 2020 rank as one of the criteria could add other criteria while granting admissions.  For instance, IIIT-Delhi could arguable use a combination of JEE(Main)-2020 rank of a candidate and her Class XII marks in some proportion to create its own admission rank list. 

  • Haryana
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Nagaland
  • Odisha
  • Bihar
  • Uttarakhand
  • Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar
  • Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh
  • Indian Institute of Science, Banglore
  • Indian Institute of Space Technology, Thiruvanathapuram
  • Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology,
  • Delhi Technological University, New Delhi.
  • Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University
  • Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology
  • JamiaMilliaIslamia, New Delhi

Updated on 26th February, 2020

7 Careers Options with a Geography Degree

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What is common between Marco Polo, Vasco da Gama, Amerigo Vespucci and Christopher Columbus? All of them were great explorers of their time.  And to explore the world they would have had to understand Geography well.  Imagine the world today without the science of Geography!  We would, most likely, be living in small units of civilizations without interacting with rest of the world.  Inventions would not reach other places and perhaps we would not have had the industrial revolution or even the world as we know today.  Thus, what we are today, to a large extent is because of the science of Geography that allowed people and civilizations to understand our world better from a physical cartographic perspective. 

Geography and its relevance from a career path

Geography offers students great number of opportunities from a career perspective:

  • Cartographer - Cartography is the study and practice of making maps. The modern cartographer is trained at taking raw digital (or satellite) data and transforming it into a useful, accurate, and attractive maps related to land, sea and air intended for use across various industries.
  • Geologist - A geologist is a scientist who studies the solid, liquid, and gaseous matter that constitutes the Earth and other terrestrial planets, as well as the processes that shape them.
  • Environmental Scientist - Environmental scientists conduct research to identify, control, or eliminate sources of pollutants or hazards affecting the environment or public health.  A thorough understanding of Geography is necessary to link environmental impact to changes in earth's physical conditions. 
  • Town Planner - They design new cities and towns, help draft urban regulations, drive land planning and conservation and help make schemes wherein communities can live sustainably with the environment.
  • GIS & Remote Sensing Scientist - GIS scientist captures, stores, manipulates, analyzes, manages, and presents spatial or geographic data that can be used for various civilian and military applications.  Remote Sensing Scientists apply GIS to analyze data and solve problems in areas such as natural resource management, urban planning, or for interior security. A strong background of Geography is preferred to get into this field.  
  • Landscape Architect - A landscape artist or architect designs outdoor areas, landmarks, and structures to meet environmental, social-behavioral, or aesthetic requirements.  A strong spatial sense and knowledge of Geography helps in charting a career in this direction.
  • Academician / Researchers / Teacher - One can take up teaching Geography in schools, colleges, Universities or take up research work in higher educational institutions or research organizations. 

Great places for pursuing geography majors after Class XII:

1. BHU Main Campus (Male & Female): B. A. (Hons.)  Social Science: Economics, History, Political Science, Sociology, Psychology, Mathematics, Statistics, Geography. Via BHU UET

2. Central University of Karnataka: Integrated M.Sc. in Geography:  Via CUCET Entrance 

3. Central University of Rajasthan: Integrated M.Sc. in Environmental Science: Via CUCET Entrance 

4. Delhi University: BA (Hons) in Geography : based on Class 12 Merit 

5. Jadavpur University: Geography: based on Class 12 Merit

6. Presidency University: B.Sc. in Geography:  Via PUBDET (conducted by WBJEE) 

7. University of Hyderabad: Integrated M.Sc. in Earth Sciences: Via UoH Entrance Test

8. University of Allahabad: B.Sc. in Geography: Via UGAT conducted by the University

9. Pondicherry Univ : 5 Year Integrated MSc in Applied Geology : Via its own Entrance Test

10. Lucknow Univ : BA (H) Geography under Self Finance scheme : Via LU’s Entrance Exam

11. Jamia Millia Islamia : BA / BSc (H) Geography : Jamia Entrance Test

5 Important Changes in CLAT 2020

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The Common Law Aptitute Test or CLAT is the entrance exam for admission to the UG law programs offered by the 21 National Law Universities of India.  CLAT is conducted by the Consortium of National Law Universities with the aim of improving the standard of legal education in the country and justice system through legal education.  52 Private Universities accept CLAT score for admission into their 5 Year integrated law programs like B.A. LL.B and B.B.A. LL.B 

CLAT 2020 will be held on May 10th in an offline (pen & paper) mode across mutiple cities in India. The Consortium of National Law Universities has indicated that CLAT 2020 will see  major changes in its test pattern.  

  1. No static G.K section: CLAT 2020 will not have static General Knowledge Questions. E.g. Which is the largest river in India.  Instead, candidates will be assessed on their knowledge of current affairs.  This is to ensure that the candidates selected to the NLU's are well aware of the current political, economic and legal events around them.  
    Our advice to candidates:  Read newspapers regularly.
  2. Inferential Reasoning:  All sections are likely to have questions around inferential reasing.  There would be complex texts/paragraphs provided and students would be expected to draw inferences from these.  This change is primarily to move away from rote-based / memory-based learning.
    Our advice to candidates:  Do as many english comprehension / unseen-passage questions designed for Class 10, 11 & 12
  3. English Comprehension:  This section will no longer test the proficiency of the candidate in English grammar. Instead, candidates will be assessed on their understanding of the passage and its central theme and the context in which a word is used.  The stess is to move away from rote-based grammar knowledge to practical usage and meaning of words contextually.
    Our advice to candidates:  Read editorials and centre page opinion pieces of newspapers like The Hindu, Business Standard or magazine like The Frontline, Economic & Political Weekly.
  4. Mathematics: This section will no longer stress on quantitative calculations based questions (e.g. calculate speed of vehicle etc.).  Instead, the stress would be if the candidate can read and understand graphs, tables and other visual compilation of data.  The focus would move from testing mathematical ability to the ability to understand and extract meaning from quantitative data.
    Our advice to candidates:  Focus on Class 8, 9 & 10 statistics, data analysis, graphs etc.
  5. No. of Questions:  There is going to be a drastic reduction in the number of questions in CLAT 2020 from 200 Qns to around 120-150 Qns.  The duration of the test remains 2 hrs.  In ther words, candidates will have more time to answer the questions than earlier.  

The overarching purpose of the Consortium of National Law Universities in bringing about these changes in the CLAT 2020 examination pattern is to reduce memory-based testing and instead to assess candidates on their ability to apply their mind, think contextually and rationally.

Good luck! 

About the author: Tarun is a Co-founder at He can be reached at

MBBS Admissions - Impact of NMC Bill on AIIMS and JIPMER Exams

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The National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill, 2017, which seeks to regulate medical education and practice, and replace the Medical Council of India (MCI), has proposed major changes in the entry and exit criteria related to medical education.  The MCI has been mired in corruption scandals and judicial interventions in the last two decades.

The key changes that the NMC Bill will bring about are:

  • A single common MBBS entry exam, which most likely will be NEET.  The AIIMS and JIPMER exams are likely to be discontinued and all admissions to MBBS seats are proposed to be via NEET.
  • A National Exit Test (NEXT) that serves three purposes: (a) As the final-year MBBS examinatio (2) As a licentiate exam for getting permission to practice and (c) As the entrance exam for admissions to PG courses.  The Bill, however, has no scope for improvement if a student fails. Earlier, there existed an improvement exam for those who failed the final-year test. This test is also likely to serve as the screening test for doctors with foreign medical qualifications who want to practice in India. 
  • Determination of fees and all other charges in respect of 50% of seats in private medical institutions and deemed to be universities.  This control of regulating fee will vary from state to state as the governments would have more powers to determine the fee in such institutions.  At present the Governments regulate the fee of 85% of seats in such institutions.  With the new bill, the Government will be able to regulate a reduced percentage, i.e. 50%, of the totals seats in these institutions.
  • Concept of community health providers (CHP), who would be given ‘limited license’ to practise at ‘primary and preventive level’.  At the moment, the bill  does not define CHPs and also did not detail as to how they would practice modern medicine.  

Now that the NMC 2017 Bill has been passed in Lok Sabha, it will be important to note whether it would face scrutity in the Rajya Sabha and the how the changes would be brought into effect.  Whether AIIMS and JIPMER MBBS entrance exams would be abolished and merged into NEET from 2020 or 2021 is a question that will be known only in the coming few months.

About the author: Tarun is a Co-founder at He can be reached at

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